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Have courage to say what you think .
Be confident in knowing that you can make worthwhile contributions to conversation. Take time each day to be aware of your opinions and feelings so you can adequately convey them to others. Individuals who are hesitant to speak because they do not feel their input would be worthwhile need not fear. What is important or worthwhile to one person may not be to another and may be more so to someone else.

Make eye contact
Whether you are speaking or listening, looking into the eyes of the person with whom you are conversing can make the interaction more successful. Eye contact conveys interest and encourages your partner to be interested in you in return. 

Develop effective listening skills
Not only should one be able to speak effectively, one must listen to the other person's words and engage in communication on what the other person is speaking about. Avoid the impulse to listen only for the end of their sentence so that you can blurt out the ideas or memories your mind while the other person is speaking.

Don't study grammar too much
This rule might sound strange to many ESL students, but it is one of the most important rules. If you want to pass examinations, then study grammar. However, if you want to become fluent in English, then you should try to learn English without studying the grammar.

Practice Speaking what you hear!
Reading, listening, and speaking are the most important aspects of any language. The same is true for English. However, speaking is the only requirement to be fluent. It is normal for babies and children to learn speaking first, become fluent, then start reading, then writing. So the natural order is listening, speaking, reading, then writing. 

Be patient.
You can change the way you speak but it won't happen overnight. People often expect instant results and give up too soon. You can change the way you sound if you are willing to put some effort into it.

Watch English Movies
Observe the mouth movements of those who speak English well and try to imitate them.When you are watching television, observe the mouth movements of the speakers. Repeat what they are saying, while imitating the intonation and rhythm of their speech.

Reading Loudly
By reading loudly - you will develop confidence, unknowingly your reading correct grammar and improving grammar, your listening to correct English, You develop vocabulary. So reading loudly will develop confidence and English.

Talk Face to Face
Avoid talking about serious matters or issues in writing. Text messages, letters and emails can be misinterpreted. Talk in person so there aren’t any unnecessary miscommunications 

Ask for feedback
The best way to know if you communicating right is to ask others. Ask your friends, colleagues, professors, parents etc. for their honest feedback about your communication skills. You need to be able to handle both the positive and negative feedback. Smile on your advantages and make improvements on your shortcomings. That’s all it takes!

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Elitmus Logical Reasoning Row Arrangement

Directions (1 - 5): Below is given a question followed by two statements numbered I and II. The question may or may not be answered with the help of these statements. You have to decide if these statements are sufficient to answer the question.
Give answer:
1) If only statement I is sufficient to answer the question but statement II is not
2) If only statement II is sufficient to answer the question but statement I is not
3) If either statements I or II is sufficient to answer the question
4) If the two statements are not sufficient but still more data is needed to answer the question
5) If both statements I and II are together sufficient to answer the question

1. In which year was Kiran born?
I) Kiran at present is 25 years younger to his father.
II) Kiran's brother, who was born in 1964, is 30 years younger to his father.

2. How many children does Ramesh have?
I) Harini is the only daughter of Kavita who is wife of Ramesh.
II) Kiran and Ramu are the only brothers of Harini.

3. The last Sunday of June, 2044 fell on which date?
I) The first Sunday of that month fell on 5th.
II) The last day of that month was Thursday.

4. What is the code for "innovative" in the code language?
I) In the code language, "plan is innovative" is written as "de ra fa".
II) In the same code language, "make it innovative" is written as "de ga jo".

5. How many children are there between A and B in a row of children?
I) A is fifteenth from the left in the row.
II) B is exactly in the middle and there are twenty children towards his right.

Directions (6-10): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
 M1, M2, M3, M4 and M5 are five men sitting in a line facing south while F1, F2, F3, F4 and F5 are five ladies sitting in a second line parallel to the first line and are facing North.
M2 who is just next to the left of M4, is opposite to F5.
M3 and F2 are diagonally opposite to each other.
M5 is opposite to F3 who is just next right of F1.
F4 who is just to the left of F5, is opposite to M4.
F1 is at one end of the line.

6. Who is sitting third to the right of F3?
1) F5
2) F2
3) F1
4) F4
5) Data inadequate

7. If M2 shifts to the place of M5, M5 shifts to the place of F5 and F5 shifts to the place of M2, then who will be the second to the left of the person opposite to F3?
1) F5
2) F4
3) M5
4) M4
5) F2

8. Which of the following pair is diagonally opposite to each other?
1) M5F5
2) M2F3
3) M1F2
4) M1F1
5) M2F4

9. If F3 and F4, M1 and M5 and M2 and F5 interchange their positions, then who will be the second person to the right of the person who is opposite to the person second of the right of F4?
1) M4
2) M1
3) M5
4) F3
5) F1

10. In the original arrangement who is sitting just opposite to F2?
1) M2
2) M1
3) M3
4) M4
5) M5

Row Arrangement Solution:

Elitmus Verbal Reading Comprehension

Directions (1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
The importance of communication skills cannot be underestimated especially so in the teaching-learning process. Teaching is generally considered as only fifty percent knowledge and fifty percent interpersonal or communication skills. For a teacher, it is not just important to give a lecture rich in content that provides abundant information about the subject or topic in question, but a successful teacher develops an affinity with, an understanding of and a harmonious interrelationship with her pupils. Building rapport becomes her primary task in the classroom. But what exactly is rapport? Rapport is a sympathetic relationship or understanding that allows you to look at the world from someone else's perspective. Making other people feel that you understand them creates a strong bond. Building rapport is the first step to better communication--the primary goal of all true educators. Communication skills for teachers are thus as important as their in-depth knowledge of the particular subject which they teach. To a surprising degree, how one communicates determines one's effectiveness as a teacher. A study on communication styles suggests that 7% of communication takes place through words, 38% through voice intonation and 55% through body language.

Much of teaching is about sending and receiving messages. The process of communication is composed of three elements; the source (sender, speaker, transmitter or instructor), the symbols used in the composing and transmitting of the message (words or signs), and the receiver (listener, reader, or student). The three elements are dynamically interrelated since each element is dependent on the others for effective communication to take place. Effective communication is all about conveying your message to the other people clearly and unambiguously. It's also about receiving information the others are sending to you, with as little distortion as possible. Doing this involves effort from both the sender and the receiver. And it's a process that can be fraught with error, with messages muddled by the sender, or misinterpreted by the recipient. When this isn't detected it can cause tremendous confusion, wasted effort and missed opportunity.
Good communication skills are a prerequisite for those in the teaching profession. Carefully planned and skillfully delivered messages can issue invitations to students that school is a place to share ideas, investigate, and collaborate with others. Effective communication is essential for a well-run classroom. A teacher, who is able to communicate well with students, can inspire them to learn and participate in class and encourage them to come forth with views thus creating a proper rapport. Although this sounds simple and obvious, it requires much more than a teacher saying something out loud to a student. They must also realize that all students have different levels of strengths and weaknesses.

Directions (1 & 2): Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the words printed in bold as used in the passage.
1) Small
2) A little
3) False
4) Sufficient
5) Rare

1) Skillfully organized
2) Strongly controlled
3) Clearly conveyed
4) Isolated
5) Complicated

Directions (3-5): Choose the word which is most similar in meaning to the words printed in bold as used in the passage.
1) Seems
2) Tekes
3) Noises
4) Corrects
5) Silences

1) Partnership
2) Partiality
3) Weakness
4) Compatibility
5) Discord

1) Extent
2) Goal
3) Affect
4) Situation
5) Direction

6. Which of the following are essential for effective communication?
A. Conveying the message clearly
B. Not to waste effort and opportunity
C. Receiving the information with as little distortion as possible

1) A and C
2) Only B
3) Only A
4) Only C
5) B and C

7. Which of the following is true about rapport as per the passage?
A. It is a sympathetic relationship.
B. It is based on understanding of other people's frame of reference.
C. It helps in creating a strong bond
D. It is important for teachers to build rapport with students.

1) A and B
2) B and D
3) A, B and D
4) A, B and C
5) All are true

8. Which of the following must the teachers keep in mind to facilitate learning in students as per the passage?
1) To control the students such that they do not share ideas with others within the lecture hours
2) To maintain rapport with students and compromise on the course content
3) To realize that all students have different levels of strengths and weaknesses
4) Only to keep the lecture rich in course content
5) To ensure that students adhere to her views only

9. Which of the following are the three elements of communication as per the passage?
1) Source, Signs and Students
2) Source, Sender and Speaker
3) Signs, Words and students
4) Instructor, Listener and Reader
5) Transmitter, Student and Receiver

10. Which of the following is the finding of a study on communication styles?
1) The body language and gestures account for 38% of communication and outweighs the voice information
2) Only 9% communication is about content whereas the rest is about our tone and body language.
3) The tone of our voice accounts for 55% of what we communicate and outweighs the body language
4) More than 90% of our communication is not about content but about our tone and body language
5) Teaching is fifty percent knowledge and fifty percent interpersonal or communication skills.

Elitmus Syllabus– pH Test (Hiring Potential Test) , India’s largest assessment and recruitment company for entry level engineers. It enables companies to hire talent which performs on the job, 65% of candidates who found jobs through e-litmus. They had an existing offers and all companies serviced since Dec 2009 have reported high satisfaction level.
eLitmus is a first-of-its-kind service in the world. Since it was launched in 2005, eLitmus has been redefining how fresher and entry-level recruitment is done in India. Our proprietary pH Test evaluates job seekers based on a variety of parameters, and grades them nationwide using an advanced statistical model, resulting in a pH Score for each candidate.

Syllabus of Elitmus Test:
There are 3 Sections of an eLitmus pH Test Paper and each section contains 20 Questions.
  • Quantitative Aptitude:
  • Problem Solving or Data Interpretation and Reasoning
  • Verbal Ability
    There are 20 Questions in each section.
    Let’s discuss syllabus for each section of the elitmus paper :
    1. Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus for elitmus pH Test
    • Probability (Roughly 2 Questions)
    • Permutation Combination (2 Questions)
    • Number System (3-4 Questions)
    • Speed, Time and Distance()
    • Alligation (specially mixture type question 1 for sure)
    • Time and Work
    • Geometry(Area of hexagons,circle and quadrilateral) – 4 to 5 questions.
    • 1 or 2 Questions not from any topic, but based on common logic.

    2. Syllabus for Problem Solving Section of Elitmus pH test :
    • Questions on Seating Arrangement
    • 1 or 2 question based on Tabular Data
    • An addition/subtraction/multiplication questions where each Number(0-9) is replaced with an ALPHABET(A-Z).
    • Data Sufficiency Problem.
    • one big question will definitely come from cryptic multiplication or addition with 3 to 4 parts.
    3. Verbal Ability Syllabus for elitmus pH Test:
    • 4 Fill in the blanks Questions
    • 3 Reading Comprehension paragraphs: Each RC will have 4 Questions.
    • 2 Jumbled Paragraphs Questions
    • 2 Vocabulary Based Question :Fill the pair of gaps in a sentence with the most appropriate pair of words given.
      Books To Refer for eLitmus Test Preperation:
      There is no separate text book for this exam. But students can refer Quantitative Aptitude By Arun Sharma, R S Agarwal
      eLitmus Negative marking scheme:
      If you do more than 25% questions wrong of the total attempt then for rest of every wrong answer half mark will be deducted. If you attempt more than 1/4th of total questions wrong then you get negative marking, for example: if you attend 12 questions, 1/4th of 12 is 4, so if you attempt 9 right and 3 wrong then u have no negative markings but if you attend 8 right and 4 wrong then negative marking will be there for that 4th question but not for the other 3. Negative markings are section wise not for the complete test.
      eLitmus Test is beneficial for All department students CSC, IT, ECE, EEE, E&I, and even for civil and Mechanical Engineering students too etc. There is no basic questions from Electrical/Electronics department. Elitmus Aptitude Question Paper is not tough.

      Elitmus Model Question Paper 2016:

      pH Test (Hiring Potential Test) , India’s largest assessment and recruitment company for entry level engineers. It enables companies to hire talent which performs on the job, 65% of candidates who found jobs through e-litmus. They had an existing offers and all companies serviced since Dec 2009 have reported high satisfaction level.

      Candidates are continously asking for eLitmus practice set or quespapers.
      So here I am uploading latest Updated paper
      Note: There may be some unrelevent questions present.Please ignore those if you think those are not in eLitmus syllabus.

      2016 latest Question Set 1
      2016 latest Question Set 2
      2016 latest Question Set 3
      2016 latest Question Set 4 (Imp below)
      2016 latest Question Set 5 (Imp)
      2016 latest Question Set 6
      2016 latest Question Set 7
      2016 latest Question Set 8